In the US, the rollout of 5G will not be led by the government but instead by the private sector – specifically the telecom companies. Their job is to facilitate the evolution and security of 5G, as well as examine technological and spectrum-based solutions to lay the groundwork for next-generation innovations. The US is relying on industry-driven standards and investment in its 5G strategy – aiming to provide a fast rollout that provides the country with a competitive edge on the global stage. Four major Mobile Network Operators (MNOs), namely AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, and T-Mobile, will determine the progress of the US in this race.
However, there is currently no coordinated strategy for business models or rollout schedules. Neither is there is a harmonised approach of which spectrum to use. The Washington think tank, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, argues that the US government needs to support the private sector – “Agencies should leverage 5G for their own processes and encourage its use in their related industries. State and local governments should eliminate barriers to deployment.” (ITIF: A U.S. National Strategy for 5G and Future Wireless Innovation, p.3).
Last Update January 2021
Gu, Heinbrik, Huang, Nock, Ohnesorge and Pustovitovskij , 2019, Geopolitics and the Global Race for 5G
Rühlig, Seaman and Voelsen, 2019, 5G and the US-China tech rivalry-a test for Europe's future in the digital age: how can Europe shift back from back foot to front foot?
European Parliament, 2019, 5G Deployment State of Play in Europe, USA and Asia